The Canadian Pacific Railway was formed to unite Canada and Canadian’s from east to west. Canada’s confederation on July 1, 1867 brought four eastern provinces together to form a new country. As a part of the deal, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick, was promised a railway to connect them with the two central Canadian provinces of Quebec and Ontario. Other provinces joined the confederation over the years with one condition; a railway would be built to link east and west together.
To the federal government, this ambitions project represented the backbone of a new national economy. The government offered concessions to a new Canadian pacific Railway company. That included $25 million in grants, 25 million acres of land tax-exempt status, and 20-year guarantee against competition from other railways. Once the major investments in the project had been made, construction on the railway began. Laborers came from Canada, the United States, and Ireland. Dangerous jobs, such as panting explosives, were assigned to Chinese workers, 600 of whom died during construction. By 1885, the work was done and visionary CPR was complete.
The Canadian Pacific Railway played a major role in the promotion of tourism and immigration, as well as Canada’s war efforts and through the years, the railway grew and diversified to include steamships, hotels, and many more.