Latereal thinking: creative thinking is part of it but there is also the Chaos Theory is all natural systems. there was a time not long ago when more powerful computers would allow to measure and track weather.
Analogies: is the different between to or more unlikely things. They could be made of to different matereal and they would look different to each other.
Brainstorming: when you have an idea and try to come up with more ideas when you have one or more people.
Synectics: when your use to doing the same thing over and over like how basketball player buys shoes normaly and someone new don't kniow what type to get.
Sketching and Doodling: coming up with an idea and sketching it down before somebody else steals your idea.