· The Battle of the Somme began early on the morning of July 1, 1916. It was the bloodiest battle in the WW I history. Canadians soldiers fought as a part of British land forces.
· The Battle of Vimy Ridge began on the morning of April 9, 1917, and ended four days later. It was the first time all four divisions of the Canadian Corps fought together as one formation. The Canadian victory at Vimy Ridge is considered to be a key point in shaping Canadian identity. The victory was possible due to profound contribution of general Arthur Currie and his tactic genius.
· Canadians took part in the Battle of Passchendaele from October to November 1917. In a muddy corner of Belgium, Canadians overcame almost unimaginable hardships to capture this strategic village.
· During the Second World War, the role of women in Canadian society changed dramatically. Canada needed women to work in factories and produce military splices. They also were important to keep the home fire burning.
· Military service posed many constrains upon racial and ethnic minorities. Black people, indigenous people and Japanese people could not join main battalions, instead they were forced to serve in minor units as marksmen and scouts.