Mi'kmaq and Nisga'a

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Mi'kmaq

Clothing: They wore moccasins on their feet which were little shoes that were made out of leather and animal fur. They made a lot of their clothing out of hides from moose, beavers, marter, bears, and seals. The men wore leggings and breechcloths that hung from their waists. The women wore robes, and the babies were wrapped in swan, goose, of fox fur. 

Food: For seafood, the Mi'kmaq ate fish, shellfish, seals, walrus, smelt, dolphins, whales and eels. They also ate beaver, moose, caribou and bear. They also ate a few berries and a few plants they had in the summer.

Housing:The Mi'kmaq lived in wikuoms. These were usually built in a day, and built by women. They were usually built with five poles that were tied together at the top. The top was left open for the smoke of the fire to come out of it. It was covered with birch bark and then they put animal hides to cover the structure. 

Nisga'a 

Clothing: The Nisga'a wore boots that were tied starting at the inside of the leg near the ankle, all the way up to the knee usually. Most of their clothing were made out of animal fur. But, they had waterproof cedar bark clothing that they wore when it rained and in the winter. 

Food: They ate a lot of "seafood". They ate mussels, scallops, clams, fish, abalone sea mamals, cod sharks, salmon, trout. They ate this year round. They hunted fish, seals and sea lions. Some people work together to process meat and fish. In order to do that, they would rost or boil them. They hunt goats and birds too.

Housing: The Nisga'a houses were shapped like big rectangles. They were made out of cedar planks and cedar roofs. Inside, the floor was dug so that it would keep the heat inside the houses. Most doors are usually facing the water. Most houses were 12 meters long. They had a lot of houses close together in their villages. Some families shared a house but each family had their own room in their house. 

 

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