Comparison of indigenous tribes in Canada

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The map below (you cannot see the map, but you can image) shows you localization of most important tribes in Canada. All these tribes were different cultures and traditions. Some of these traditions are cultivated today by aboriginal society. This blog was created to take you on a journey over the world of native tribes in Canada. You will discover distinction between Mi’kmaq and Nisga. 




Religion and Spirituality

Mi’kmaq spirituality is influenced by natural world. Living in harmony with the people and wild creatures. The Great Spirit is the creator of the world.

The Nisga believe in spirits that can bring you both good luck and bad. Healers, known as Halayt, were responsible for sacred songs and objects to cure sick people.

Culture and Art

Rock painting and ornate quillwork clothing. Music is another important element of culture.

Totem poles are significant part of culture and identity. Music and dance is performed for entertainment such as at festivals.  

Social and Political Organization

Communities were related by alliance and kinship. Leadership based on prestige rather than power, was largely concerned with effective management of fishing and hunting economy. The Mi’kmaq Grand Council is the traditional government of Mi’kmaq peoples.    

Every Nisga’a person belongs to wilp (family group or house). Wilps own territories and governed by one or more chiefs, depending on their size. Nisga also belong to one of four clans, known as pdeek.

If you are seeking for more detailed information, I suggest you taking a deep insight into Origin Stories and Traditional Life. I collected, for you, interesting and intriguing additional stuff . I hope you will enjoy my work. 

Origin Stories

Mi’kmaq oral tradition explains that the world was created in seven stages. The Creator made the sky, the sun, Mother Earth and then the first humans: Glooscap and his grandmother, nephew and mother. From sparks of fire that Glooscap commanded to come forth, came seven men and seven women — the founding families of the seven Mi’gma’gi districts.

The Nisga’a believe in a Creator figure, known as Chief of Heavens. The Creator put the people along the Nass River, the area around which remains their homeland. According to oral tradition, the Creator’s grandson, Txeemsim, created the sun, which saved the people from wandering in darkness. Although helpful, Txeemsim is also a trickster who gets into trouble and whose mistakes teach humans how to avoid error.

Traditional Life

The people of Mi’gma’gi relied on the variety of resources available, using everything from shellfish to sea mammals to land mammals small and large for nutrition, clothing, dwellings and tools. They also used the bountiful timber to construct canoes, snowshoes and shelters, usually in combination with animal skins and sinews. The Mi’kmaq relied wholly on their surroundings for survival, and thus developed strong reverence for the environment that sustained them.

The Nisga’a once practiced a balanced reliance on hunting, fishing and plant gathering. Some traditional foods included crab, black cod, halibut, salmon, herring eggs, seal, sea lion, clams, pine mushrooms, lowbush cranberries and mountain blueberries. They travelled by canoe and on foot to hunt and fish on their territories and to trade with neighbouring Indigenous nations.



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